Education is a gradual process that results in positive changes in people's lives and behaviours. Education can also be defined as "the process of acquiring knowledge through study or imparting knowledge through instructions or some other practical procedure."
Today, in this blog, we will discuss the various types of education that exist all over the world.
What is education?
Education causes a natural and long-lasting shift in an individual's reasoning and ability to achieve the desired outcome. It allows us to investigate our own thoughts and feelings and prepares us to express them in a variety of ways.
Education is the primary factor that encourages us to distinguish between right and wrong because without it, we cannot do what we need to do or achieve our goals.
To put it simply, "education is the gateway to progress." It is also the path to our destiny, as success can only be attained when people have the necessary knowledge, abilities, and frame of mind. In this way, education resembles a medium through which we can interact with various people and share our ideas.
Types of Education
Education extends beyond what occurs within the four walls of the classroom. On the basis of these factors, a child receives education from his experiences outside of school as well as those within. Formal, Informal, and Non-formal education are the three main types of education. Each of these types is discussed in more detail below.
Formal education or formal learning typically takes place on school grounds, where students can learn basic, academic, or trade skills. Small children are frequently enrolled in a nursery or kindergarten, but formal education typically begins in elementary school and continues through secondary school.
Examples of Formal Education
- Classroom education
- Grading/certification in schools, college and university degrees
- Planned education in various subjects with a proper syllabus obtained by attending the institution.
Characteristics of formal education
- Formal education is organized in a hierarchical fashion.
- It is deliberate and planned.
- Scheduled fees are paid on a regular basis.
- It has a grading system that is based on chronological order.
- It is subject-oriented and has a syllabus. The syllabus must be completed within a specific time frame.
- The teachers instruct the child.
Informal education can include a parent teaching a child how to cook or ride a bicycle.
People can also obtain an informal education by reading a large number of books from a library or visiting educational websites.
Informal education is when you do not attend school and do not use a specific learning method. Conscious efforts are not required in this type of education. It is not premeditated or deliberate. It can be learned in a market, a hotel, or at home.
Examples of Informal Education
- Teaching the child the fundamentals, such as numeric characters.
- Someone who is learning his or her mother tongue
- A spontaneous type of learning occurs "when a person standing in a bank learns about opening and maintaining a bank account from someone."
Characteristics of Informal Education
- It is unaffected by boundary walls.
- It does not have a set curriculum.
- It is not pre-planned and does not have a timetable.
- We receive informal education through daily experience and learning new things, so there are no fees.
- In a natural way, it is a lifelong process.
Adult basic education, adult literacy education, and school equivalency preparation are examples of non-formal education.
Someone who is not in school can learn literacy, other basic skills, or job skills through non formal education.
Other options include home education, individualized instruction (such as programmed learning), distance learning, and computer-assisted instruction.
Examples of Non-formal Education
- Non Formal education includes sports programmes developed by the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, such as swimming.
- Exercise routines.
- Adult education classes in the community.
- Some organizations offer free adult education courses.
Characteristics of Non-formal Education
- Non Formal education is organized and takes place outside of the school system.
- The timetable and syllabus can be modified.
- It is practical and vocational education, as opposed to theoretical formal education.
- There is no age limit for non-formal education.
- Fees and certificates may or may not be required.
So, this was the blog about “types of education."
In this blog, I discussed various types of education; there are three main types: formal education, informal education, and non-formal education.
However, I also included some other types of education so that you could get a general understanding of the subject.